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2019年全國英語等級考試二級閱讀理解強化練習(10)

來源:中華考試網   2019-08-17【

  Soldiers and other military people wear uniforms with various other symbols to indicate their status.But in the business world everyone wears more or less similar suits,and you cannot tell at a glance who ranks higher or lower than another.So how do people in the business world show their superiority?

  An attempt to study this was made by two researchers using a series of silent films.They had two actors play the parts of an executive(經理)and a visitor,and switch roles each time.The scene had one man at his desk playing the part of an executive,while the other,playing the part of a visitor,knocks at the door,opens it and approaches the desk to discuss some business matter.

  The audience watching the films was asked to rate the executive and the visitor in terms of status.A certain set of rules about status began to emerge from the ratings.The visitor showed the least amount of status when he stopped just inside the door to talk across the room to the seated man.He was considered to have more status when he walked halfway up to the desk,and he had the most status when he walked directly up to the desk and stood right in front Of the seated executive.

  Another thing that affected the status of the visitor in the eyes of the observers was the time between knocking and entering.For the seated executive,his status was also affected by the time between hearing the knock and answering.The quicker the visitor entered the room,the more status he had.The longer the executive took to answer,the more status he had.

  41.The experiment designed by the two researchers aimed at finding out _____

  A.how business is conducted by all executive and a visitor B how to tell the differences between an executive and a visitor

  C.how to tell businessmen at a glance D.how businessmen indicate status

  42 Which of the statements can best sum up the passage?

  A.The executive has a higher status than the visitor. B.Military people wear uniforms but the businessmen do not

  C,A study revealing a set of rules about the status of businessmen.

  D It is a good method to use a series of silent film in research.

  43 Having entered the room,the closer the visitor approaches the executive, ___

  A.the less it affected his status B.the lower his status C.the more it affected his status D.the higher his status

  44.The longer the seated man was in answering the knock,______

  A.the higher his status B.the less it affected his status C.the lower his status D the more it affected his status

  45.Which statement is NOT true?

  A Soldiers wear uniforms with various symbols so that one call tell their status at a glance.

  B.In the experiment.one actor played the executive while the other played the seated man

  C.Business people wear similar suits.

  D The audience watching the film rated the executive and the visitor in terms of status.

  【答案】DCDAB

  士兵和其他軍隊中的人都要穿制服,并且衣服上有各種各樣的標志來表明他們的身份地位。但是在商業的世界中,幾乎每個人都穿的差不多一樣的衣服。乍看之下,很難分出身份地位的高低。那么,在商界,人們如果表明自己高人一等呢?

  2個研究者通過一系列的默劇對此進行嘗試和研究。劇中只有2個演員,分飾經理和拜訪者的角色,每次兩人都要交換角色。劇中演的是經理坐在辦公桌旁邊辦公,來訪者敲門,推開門,往辦公桌走去,和經理討論業務上的事情。

  觀看的觀眾被要求說出經理和拜訪者的地位孰高孰低。從觀眾的意見總結出一套地位的歸路。當拜訪者站在剛進門的地方,遠遠的穿過整個房間和經理說話,表明來訪者的地位最低。當拜訪者站在門和桌子的中間時,地位較高;當他徑直走到桌子旁邊站在經理前面時,地位最高。

  在觀眾眼中,另一個影響拜訪者地位的事情是他敲門和進房間之間的時間間隔。對于坐在那里的經理來說,他的地位受聽到敲門和應答的時間間隔的影響。拜訪者越早的進入房間,他的地位就越高。經理越遲應答敲門聲,他的地位越高。

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